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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is treated at Upstate Neurology's Multiple Sclerosis Clinic.

About Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the nervous system. It causes inflammation, harm, and scarring of the nerve sheath that covers the nerves of the brain and spinal cord. There can also be harm to the nerves themselves.

Nerve cells (neurons) showing normal and damaged myelin sheaths
nucleus image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

There are many types:

  • Relapsing-remitting—Problems return for few months or years, last for a few weeks or months, and then go away. They may get worse each time.
  • Primary progressive—Problems slowly get worse after they first show up. They do not go away and come back.
  • Secondary progressive—After years of going away and coming back, problems start to get worse.
  • Progressive relapsing—Problems slowly get worse after they first happen. One or more relapses may also happen.

A problem with the body's immune system seems to be the cause. It is not known why this happens. The immune system protects the body from infection and disease. With MS, it starts attacking the body's nervous system instead. These things may lead to MS:

  • Viral or other infection
  • Genes
  • Environmental causes


  • Multiple sclerosis (MS). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/multiple-sclerosis-ms.
  • NINDS multiple sclerosis information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Multiple-Sclerosis-Information-Page.
  • What is MS? National Multiple Sclerosis Society website. Available at: https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS.