Internist Zachary Shepherd, MD, is an assistant professor of medicine at Upstate.
Expect this type of physical before an operation
Before they undergo surgery, patients generally undergo a preoperative physical. Zachary Shepherd, MD, explains what tests are likely to be done in these physicals, what concerns may arise and why he reviews each person's medications. Shepherd is an assistant professor of medicine who specializes in internal medicine at Upstate.