A hernia is a bulge of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening or weak point in your abdominal wall. Hernias commonly form by a combination of pressure, an opening or weakness to your muscle.
What is a hernia?
A hernia is a bulge of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening in your abdominal wall.
Types of Hernias
- Hiatal (referral to a gastroenterologist)
What causes a hernia?
A hernia commonly forms by a combination of pressure, an opening or weakness to your muscle. Tissue or an organ pushes through the opening or weak point.
Some common risks or causes for muscle weakness or strain that can lead to hernia include:
- A congenital condition or aging
- Personal or family history of hernia
- Injury or surgery
- Chronic coughing
- Strenuous exercise or heavy lifting
- Straining related to constipation
What are some possible symptoms of a hernia?
- No symptoms
- Bulge or swelling: you may find the bulge may appear and disappear
- Pain or a dull aching sensation
How is a hernia diagnosed?
- Physical examination: your doctor will feel for a bulge when you stand, cough and strain.
- Imaging: CT Abdomen/Pelvis, Ultrasound, MRI
Should a hernia be fixed?
- Most symptomatic hernias should be fixed.
- An untreated hernia won’t go away without surgery.
- The decision to have a hernia repair or not is based on several factors that depend on the symptoms as well as the benefits and risks associated with surgery.
What is a hernia emergency?
- Incarcerated Hernia: an irreducible hernia in which the intestinal flow is completely obstructed
- Strangulated Hernia: an irreducible hernia in which the blood and intestinal flow are completely obstructed
- Bowel Obstruction: A blockage that keeps food or liquid from passing through the small or large intestine