Total Hip Replacement
Hip replacement is a surgery designed to help relieve pain, help the hip joint work properly, and improve walking and other movements. Your physician may recommend hip replacement surgery if you have hip pain or bone damage.
Damaged cartilage and bone is removed from the hip joint and replaced with a new hip joint in the surgery.
Knee replacement is a surgery designed to help relieve pain and allow patients to be more active. Your physician may recommend replacement surgery if you have chronic knee pain.
Damaged cartilage and bone is removed from the surface of your knee joint during the surgery and replaced with a new surface of metal and plastic. In a partial knee replacement, the surgeon replaces only one part of your knee joint.
A laminectomy is a surgery to remove a small portion of a vertebra called the lamina. Vertebrae are the bones of the spine. The lamina is a small tall like portion on the rear of the vertebra.
In some cases, only a portion of the lamina is removed from the vertebra. This procedure is known as laminotomy.
A laminectomy is usually done to help take pressure off your spinal cord or a nerve running out from your spinal cord. It is also done to gain access to the spinal cord, bones, and discs that are below the lamina. Herniated discs, bony spurs, or other problems can cause narrowing of the canals that the nerves and spinal cord run through. This can irritate the nerve if it gets too narrow. Often, a laminectomy is done along with a disc removal to help make the canal larger and take pressure off the nerve being irritated.
A spinal fusion is a surgery to weld together 2 or more vertebrae. Vertebrae are the bones that make up the spine.
There are several different types of spinal fusions based on factors, such as the part of the spine involved, placement of the incisions, and the parts of the vertebra that are initially fused. All fusion surgeries include the use of a graft that is made of bone material. It stimulates healing and encourages the 2 bones to heal together into one solid bone. The graft may be a piece of bone from the hip, a piece of bone from a cadaver, or artificial bone material.
Spinal nerves exit the spine between the vertebrae. Damage to the vertebra and the disc that sits between them can put extra pressure on these nerves. The irritated nerves can cause pain and weakness in the areas of the body affected by the nerve. Spinal fusion may be considered if all other methods of treatment (medication, rest, physical therapy) have not been able to relieve pain or disability. A spinal fusion removes damaged tissue and locks the 2 vertebra in place to prevent irritation of the spinal nerve between the vertebrae.