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Stroke Treatment

Brain expertise

Stroke care depends on physicians, nurses, therapists and more. Patients who are wheeled into Upstate University Hospital’s emergency department suffering from stroke are likely to receive acute treatment and rehabilitative care under the same roof, followed by the same ensemble of providers.

The Upstate Stroke Center, the area’s first and only designated Comprehensive Stroke Center, features the region’s only specialized neuroscience and rehabilitation floors, with three levels of specialized nursing care. The neurologists, neurosurgeons and emergency physicians train students and conduct research that improves our understanding of how the brain works and how best to treat stroke. But they are always on call to care for patients with stroke.

Since becoming a stroke center, Upstate has also taken care of hundreds of complicated stroke patients who were too sick to be cared for at other hospitals in Central New York. The hospital’s stroke team works together to determine what treatment is best for each individual patient.

Before arrival

When paramedics report a possible stroke patient, the team is summoned to the emergency department. This includes an emergency physician, a neurologist, a stroke coordinator and emergency department nurses, as well as spiritual care. In addition, the nursing supervisor alerts the pharmacy, laboratory and radiology departments.

In the ED

Arrival time to stoke neurologist evaluation

Blood tests are done as soon as the patient arrives, and a doctor conducts a neurological exam. CT or MR imaging or an arteriogram may be used in the diagnosis, along with blood flow measurements and tests to detect clots. The staff also assembles a medical history.

Ischemic strokes are treated with tPA, usually intravenously, but sometimes, the blood clot is too big or the patient can not be given the clot busting medication due to contraindication. Fortunately, Upstate has specialists who can take the clot out using special catheters inserted in the patient’s groin.

The treatment of a hemorrhagic stroke depends on its location and severity. Sometimes it is managed with medications to carefully control blood pressure, says Gene Latorre, MD. Other times, surgery is indicated.

Surgeons may place clips at the base of the aneurysm, or they may place platinum micro-coils inside the vessel to act as a mechanical barrier to blood flow. Hypothermia is employed in the treatment of some patients. Others may undergo brain tissue oxygen monitoring.

Three Levels of Specialized Care

Upstate University Hospital's Neuroscience Services represents a comprehensive continuum of services and care for neurology and neurosurgery patients. The Neuroscience nursing units work together to support patient process and care throughout each level of need. We pride ourselves on the neuroscience nursing specialty, focusing on the unique expertise needed to care for this specialized patient population.

As patients progress through their recovery they are moved from the Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit to the Neuroscience Intermediate Care unit and/or the Neuroscience Medical Surgical Unit in our beautiful facility in the East Tower. Daily discharge planning rounds, involving all members of the multi-disciplinary team, occur Monday through Friday.

Neuroscience Medical Surgical Unit (9G)
9G is the 19-bed Neuroscience Medical Surgical Unit. The nurses on this unit care for a wide range of patients who have undergone complex neurological procedures as well as trauma. The unit also cares for a wide range of neurology diagnoses including stroke and migraine. The unit also has telemetry monitoring capability for 16 patients.

Neuroscience Intermediate Care Unit (9E)
The Neuroscience Intermediate Care Unit is a 13-bed combination step-down, stroke and epilepsy monitoring unit. The nurses are trained in critical care as well as epilepsy monitoring. This unit is the primary support for patients admitted with newly diagnosed stroke in need of emergent TPA administration. All beds have state-of-the-art monitoring capability.

Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit (9F)
The Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit is a state-of-the-art 14-bed neuroscience intensive care unit. 9F is the only Neuro ICU in Central New York. Nurses in this unit care for the complex neurocritically ill patient requiring advanced neuromonitoring and neuro-assessment. Common patient diagnoses include brain trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural and epidural hematomas, brain tumors, and status epilepticus. Complex treatment modalities in the NSICU include intracranial pressure monitoring, and external ventricular drainage, the use of brain tissue oxygenation monitoring and induced therapeutic hypothermia for cardiac arrest as well as for complex neurological conditions. Specialized training and education is provided during orientation. A learning environment is supported in the daily routine of the NSICU staff. 


Physical, occupational and speech therapists and a psychiatrist evaluate each stroke patient within 24 hours of admission, and rehabilitative therapy begins almost immediately. Upstate offers an inpatient rehabilitative unit, where patients may be moved once they are able to handle three hours per day of therapy.

Rehabilitative counselors offer support for patients in returning to work or school. The outcome of acute stroke care is tightly connected to how quickly appropriate emergency treatment is initiated, and the quality of the overall management provided. At Upstate, it is not unusual for patients with severe stroke to go home after three days, with minimal or no evidence of lasting stroke effects.