In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the principal procedure of Assisted Reproductive Technology and is the process of uniting an egg and sperm outside of the body to achieve fertilization. After fertilization, embryo transfer, (the placing of the embryo back into the uterus) is done in order for implantation and pregnancy to occur. IVF provides an opportunity for otherwise infertile patients to achieve pregnancy.
Patients who may benefit from the IVF program include those with obstructed or damaged fallopian tubes, endometriosis, hostile cervical mucus, high titers anti-sperm antibodies, male factor (low sperm counts, low motility, low normal morphology),and or unexplained infertility. IVF offers a much higher chance of success per cycle for tubal damage than can surgery.
The IVF process requires careful monitoring, precise timing, and total cooperation between the couple and the ART team. Instructions for the ART cycle must be followed very carefully in order to achieve the best possible results and avoid cancellation.