Information on Zika Virus for Clinicians and Students
Zika Virus Disease:
Zika is a single stranded RNA virus, in the Genus Flavivirus, related closely to Dengue, Yellow Fever and West Nile virus. It is transmitted primarily by Aedes species mosquitoes
Disease is usually mild and is characterized by fevers, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, conjunctivitis, myalgia and headaches.
Aedes species mosquitoes:
- Ae aegypti: more efficient vectors for humans
- Ae albopictus: found in some parts of NYS but NOT yet detected in Upstate NY area
Aedes albopictus has been found in NYS
- Mosquito Bite: most common. Uninfected humans + primates
- Maternal-fetal: Intrauterine, perinatal
Directions for providers:
Health care providers should ask all pregnant women about recent travel. Women who traveled to an area with ongoing Zika virus transmission (see attached map) during pregnancy should be evaluated for Zika virus infection and tested in accordance with CDC Interim Guidance - (see attached figure).
If the testing is required, contact the local health department prior to sending the specimen. Consider infectious disease consult in these cases. Local microbiology lab should be also informed prior to submitting the specimen to the laboratory. We also suggest checking for Dengue and Chikungunya.
NYDOH requires the following form to be filled.
Interim Guidelines for Pregnant women:
If at all possible, travel to endemic area should be avoided. For further reference please review the link below:
Interim Guidelines for evaluation and testing of infants with possible Congenital Zika infection:
For further reference please review the link below:
Slides from 2/2/16 Talk by Dr. Zucker – NYSDOH Commissioner of Health
For any further questions please contact: 315-464-9360
Timothy Endy, MD
Mark Polhemus, MD
Waleed Javaid, MD
Mitchell Brodey, MD